Trust in financial planning
Making sure that you have your affairs properly planned is a crucial part of financial planning; and trusts can be a useful mechanism in leaving a legacy for your family and future generations.
This is the first in a series of articles on trusts – what is a trust, what are the various types of trusts, who are the parties involved and what are some of the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a trust?
Let’s start from absolute basics and discuss what a trust is.
You have to go back into the mists of time, to the medieval period to find the origins of the law of equity. However, trusts evolved as a way of separating the ownership of property between legal and beneficial ownership. In other words, the legal ownership was retained by one person (a trustee) and the benefit of that property was enjoyed by another person (the beneficiary).
Sadly, coronavirus has made people think about death!
The Coronavirus pandemic has, sadly, increased the demand for people wanting to put their financial lives in order. Solicitors have seen an upsurge in demand for writing wills, for example.
I must admit that I feel uncomfortable writing this article, but we are being asked for advice on what clients should do in the knowledge that they might die sooner than they anticipated. So, I’ve decided to set out some of the issues that we would highlight as financial planners to a client who is close to death – often referred to as ‘deathbed’ planning.
Here’s a very simple list of things that should be thought about in those difficult circumstances:
Money Purchase Annual Allowance (MPAA) does this affect you?
What is MPAA?
The MPAA is in connection to the annual allowance for pension contributions which is £40,000 however you can carry forward unused pension contributions for the previous three years. The MPAA was introduced on 6th April 2015. It was £10,000 in tax years 2015/16 and 2016/17. MPAA was reduced to £4,000 from 2017/18, It remains at £4,000 in 2018/19.
What is tapered annual allowance and how does it potentially affect you?
What is the Annual Allowance for pension contributions?
There is an annual limit on the total amount of pension contributions that each person can make without incurring a tax charge (this includes employer and employee contributions) which is called the Annual Allowance. Where the total employer and/or individual contribution exceeds the Annual Allowance a tax charge will apply. The rate of tax will be determined by your taxable income in the tax year. For the 2018/19 tax year the Annual Allowance has been set at £40,000.
Carry forward – How you could benefit and the requirements for entitlement.
What is carry forward
Carry forward was (re)introduced in a new format in 2011/12, it has been possible, subject to conditions, to carry forward unused annual allowance from the three previous tax years to the current tax year. The annual pension allowance is £40,000 per year therefore it’s possible to bring 3 years’ worth of allowance to the current tax year.